197th Meeting - Toronto, Ontario, Canada

May 14-18, 2000

Sheraton Centre Toronto

The technical program for this meeting features 34 outstanding symposia consisting of 1,309 technical presentations. A complete listing of all the Technical Symposia, including the complete technical program, is now available for this meeting.

WELCOME TO TORONTO

More than 150 years ago, a settlement on Lake Ontario's northern shore took the Huron Indian name "Toronto", which literally means "place of meeting". This aptly named venue will provide attendees with the opportunity to explore "the world within a city" for the first time since 1991.

Toronto is Canada's largest city, the capital of the province of Ontario, and one of the most exciting, vibrant, and progressive, and ethnically diverse cities in the world, with over 100 different cultures represented in its population of 4.4 million. T his diversity can be seen at the city's many festivals, friendly neighborhoods, and of course, its 5000 restaurants.

The shopping experience includes everything from upscale boutiques to an underground city featuring 1,200 stores and services. The city's love for the arts has made it the third most important theatre centre in the English-speaking world. And its museum s, some of the best attended in North America.

This bold new city of glass towers even boasts parkland islands in its harbour. And it's also within a few hours drive of the great Canadian outdoors, and the breathtaking Niagara Falls. Other highlights of Toronto you surely do not want to miss are: th e CN Tower, the world's tallest free standing structure (1,815' 5") featuring a glass floor, a permanent Ecology Exhibit (EcoDeck) and the renowned Revolving Restaurant with a 360 view; the Eaton Centre, the architectural treasure of shopping; the SkyDome , the world's first multi-purpose stadium with a fully retractable roof; the Royal Ontario Museum, Canada's largest, highlighting history, natural sciences and art, European Decorative Art; Expanded Chinese collection; the English, French and Native in Ca nada section; the Art Gallery of Ontario, the 7th largest in North America featuring Canadian and American art, the Old Masters and the world's largest public collection of works by sculptor Henry Moore; Casa Loma, a 98-room castle; and the Hockey Hall of Fame, home of the world largest collection of sport memorabilia.

Toronto has been ranked as one of the ten most desirable cities in the entire world in which to live. The same special qualities that make Toronto so liveable are also what makes this such a wonderful place to visit. From the top of the skyline-defining CN Tower, to the tree-lined pathways of the Zoo, Toronto has dozens of special attractions to entertain every visitor.

HOTEL RESERVATION INFORMATION

The 197th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Inc. will be held at the Sheraton Centre Toronto (123 Queen Street West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5H 2M9). The Sheraton Centre is located in the very heart of the city's most vibrant shopping and entertainment districts and just steps away from the bustling business centers of Bay Street. Toronto's landmark City Hall is directly across the street and the best in live theatre is right in our neighborhood. The hotel is connected to the renowned underground city with six miles of shops and services. This hotel is ideally situated for trouble-free travel; within thirty minutes of Toronto International Airport and within ten minutes of City Centre Airport. This hotel is an ideal Headquarters Hotel for the Society's 197th Meeting.

Since the Sheraton Centre Toronto is the Headquarters Hotel, we encourage all attendees to stay at the Sheraton, where we have special reduced hotel rates for our attendees. Please note that May is a very busy month in Toronto and space is limited, so we encourage you to make your reservations early. The deadline for reservations is April 22, 2000. Reservations received after the deadline will only be accepted on a space available basis. To obtain the special convention rates listed below, you must mention that you are planning to attend the 197th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Inc.

Special ECS Convention Hotel Rates
Rate Type
$160 (Canadian Dollars) Single or Double Occupancy
$170 (Canadian Dollars) Triple or Double Occupancy
$180 (Canadian Dollars) Quadruple Occupancy

Note: At the current exchange rate, the Single/Double rate of $160 Canadian Dollars is approximately $110 U.S. Dollars!

The Sheraton Centre Toronto reservations telephone number is (416) 361-1000, toll free (800) 325-3535, or fax (416) 947-4801. In addition, a limited number of government and student rate rooms are available (please contact the ECS Headquarters Office for details).

GROUND TRANSPORTATION

The grey and black Airport Express shuttle buses run every twenty minutes between the Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel and Pearson International Airport twenty-four hours each day. Tickets are $13.75 (CDN) per person one way or $23.65 (CDN) per person round trip and they can be purchased from the driver or customer service representatives. The trip takes about forty-five to fifty minutes to travel between the hotel and the airport.

AIRLINE RESERVATION INFORMATION

Air Canada has been designated as the "Official" carrier for the 197th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Inc. Air Canada offers a majority of the direct flights in and out of Toronto. Air Canada is offering special discounted meeting fares!

To take utilize Air Canada's quality service, convenient schedules and special fares, follow these steps:

  1. Call, or have your travel agent call Air Canada's toll-free reservation number 1-800-361-7585 or 1-514-393-9494 daily, from 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday.
  2. Refer to The Electrochemical Society's Meeting ID Number CV115655

MEETING REGISTRATION

The registration area will be located in the Concourse Foyer, which is located on the Concourse Level of the Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel.

Advance Registration

Advance registration is encouraged. Send your Advance Registration Form to: The Electrochemical Society, Inc., 65 South Main Street, Pennington, New Jersey 08534-2839, U.S.A.; Phone: (609) 737-1902; Fax: (609) 737-2743 or register on-line on the ECS Home Page on the World Wide Web at http://www.electrochem.org. TO AVOID DUPLICATE PAYMENTS, MAIL OR FAX (BUT NOT BOTH) YOUR ADVANCE REGISTRATION FORM TO SOCIETY HEADQUARTERS. THE DEADLINE FOR RECEIPT OF ADVANCE REGISTRATION, WITH PAYMENT IS APRIL 14, 2000. Written requests for refunds will be honored only if received at Society Headquarters in Pennington before April 21, 2000.

Registration at the Meeting

Meeting Registration Hours
Day Hours
Sunday, May 14, 2000 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Monday, May 15, 2000 7:30 AM - 3:00 PM
Tuesday, May 16, 2000 7:30 AM - 3:00 PM
Wednesday, May 17, 2000 7:30 AM - 2:00 PM
Thursday, May 18, 2000 7:30 AM - 1:00 PM

REGISTRATION FEES

ALL PARTICIPANTS AND ATTENDEES ARE REQUIRED TO PAY THE APPROPRIATE REGISTRATION FEE LISTED BELOW. Payment can be made by cash, check, or travelers checks in U.S. funds. Credit cards, Mastercard or Visa only, are accepted.

The schedule of registration fees is as follows:

Note: All registrants will receive a copy of the Meeting Abstracts Volume as a part of their registration fee.

Meeting Registration Fees
Category Advance On-Site
Member $240 $265
Nonmember* $350 $375
Student Member+ $65 $75
Student Nonmember*+ $85 $95
One Day Member $190 $205
One Day Nonmember* $200 $215
Nontechnical $50 $60
Emeritus $0 $0
Honorary $0 $0

*If a nonmember registers (excluding one day fee) and submits an Application for Admission within four months of the Seattle Meeting, and is subsequently elected to membership, they will receive a complimentary membership in the Society.

+All students must send verification of student eligibility along with their registration.

MEETING INFORMATION

Event Location
Meeting Registration Concourse Foyer, Concourse Level
Information/Message Center Concourse Foyer, Concourse Level
Nontechnical Registrant Lounge Trader's Bar & Grill, Lobby Level
Society Headquarters Office Carleton Room, Mezzanine Level (Richmond Tower)
Speaker-Ready Room Vide Office, Lower Concourse
Employment Interview Room Ice Palace Suite, 4th Floor

GENERAL FUNCTIONS

Sunday, May 14, 2000

Short Course

The Society will sponsor one Short Course, which will be conducted on Sunday, May 14, 2000 from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Short course notes are available at the time of the course. The registration fee for this course is $300.00 for Society Members and $375.00 for Nonmembers. This fees cover the course, luncheon, coffee breaks, and text materials; this fee is not applicable to any other activities of the Society Meetings. Students are offered a 50% discount on course registration. The deadline for the receipt of short course registrations is April 14, 2000.

Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications

Mark E. Orazem, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

This course is intended for chemists, physicists, materials scientists, and engineers with an interest in applying electrochemical impedance techniques to study a broad variety of electrochemical processes. The attendee will develop a basic understanding of the technique, the sources of errors in impedance measurements, the manner in which experiments can be optimized to reduce these errors, and the use of regression to interpret measurements in terms of meaningful physical properties. The topics to be covered include:

  1. The motivation for using impedance spectroscopy advantages as compared to other transient techniques and the conditions under which its use is ideally suited,
  2. The type of information that can be extracted from impedance measurements, including the limitations of the technique,
  3. Proper selection of experimental parameters,
  4. The types of errors expected in impedance measurements, and methods to assess the importance of these errors and to reduce their magnitude,
  5. Use of the Kramers-Kronig relations as a tool for evaluating impedance data,
  6. Use of regression techniques and appropriate selection of weighting strategies,
  7. Application of electrical circuit analogues,
  8. Development of mathematical models appropriate for interpretation of impedance spectra in terms of physical properties,
  9. Applications to different systems including corrosion, characterization of electronic materials, transport through membranes such as skin, and
  10. Generalization of impedance concepts to other spectroscopy measurements such as acoustophoretic spectroscopy and complex viscometry.

Professional Development Workshops

The Society will sponsor two professional development workshops on Sunday. These workshops are free to all meeting registrants.

  1. Cover Letter for Your Resume: 3:00 PM - 3:45 PM by William R. Hencke, Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, VIP Room, Concourse Level. This informal workshop will discuss the need for the cover letter, how to write it, as well as the many "do's" and "don'ts" in preparing such a letter.
  2. Job Interviewing Tips: 4:00 PM - 4:45 PM by William R. Hencke, Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, VIP Room, Concourse Level. This informal workshop will discuss the "art of interviewing". How to improve your chances of properly impressing the interviewer, key questions to ask, and other pertinent issues about being selected for the job.

Sunday Evening Get-Together

An informal Get-Together will be held in the Grand Ballroom located on the Lower Concourse Level of the Sheraton from 7:30 PM to 9:30 PM. All Meeting registrants are invited to attend this complimentary event.

Monday, May 15, 2000

Plenary Session

At 8:30 AM, the Plenary Session will be held in Grand Ballrooms East & Centre located on the Lower Concourse Level. Stevan Harnad, Professor of Cognitive Science at University of Southampton, will deliver The Electrochemical Society Plenary Lecture entitled, "Freeing the Refereed Journal Literature Online Through Public Self-Archiving".

Coffee Break

Immediately following the Plenary Session, a coffee break will be held in the Grand Ballroom Foyer located on the Lower Concourse Level from 9:30 AM to 10:30 AM for all meeting attendees.

Monday Evening Mixer, General Society Student Poster Session and Technical Exhibition

Along with the grand opening of the Technical Exhibition, an informal gathering will be held in the Sheraton Hall located on the Lower Concourse Level of the Sheraton from 6:00 PM to 8:00 PM. Beer, soft drinks, and snacks will be served on a complimentary basis. In addition, there will be a cash bar for those who prefer mixed drinks or wine. The General Society Student Poster Session will be held as a part of the Monday Evening Mixer. Formal presentations and judging of the posters will begin at 6:15 PM when the Mixer opens. Winners will be selected and announced at the Honors and Awards Session on Wednesday morning. The technical exhibition will feature instruments, materials, systems, publications, and software of interest to Meeting attendees. All Meeting registrants are invited to both attend the Mixer and Technical Exhibition and view the posters.

Workshops

The Society will sponsor the following three professional development workshops on Monday. These workshops are free to all meeting registrants.

  1. Cover Letter for Your Resume: 12:00 Noon - 12:45 PM by William R. Hencke, Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, VIP Room, Concourse Level. This informal workshop will discuss the need for the cover letter, how to write it, as well as the many "do's" and "don'ts" in preparing such a letter.
  2. Job Interviewing Tips: 1:00 PM - 1:45 PM by William R. Hencke, Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, VIP Room, Concourse Level. This informal workshop will discuss the "art of interviewing". How to improve your chances of properly impressing the interviewer, key questions to ask, and other pertinent issues about being selected for the job.
  3. Resume Round Table: 3:00 PM - 5:00 PM by William R. Hencke, Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, VIP Room, Concourse Level. This informal round table workshop is designed to provide feedback on resumes by publicly critiquing participants' resumes and offering suggestions on ways to make them more effective. Two 20-minute presentations are planned, one at 3:00 PM and one at 4:00 PM, which will be followed by individual critiques.

Tuesday, May 16, 2000

Annual Society Luncheon and Business Meeting

At 12:15 PM, the Annual Society Luncheon and Business Meeting will be held in the Essex Ballroom located on the Mezzanine Level in the Richmond Tower. At this annual business luncheon, the President, Secretary, and Treasurer will give brief reports on the current state of the Society. All members and meeting attendees are invited to participate in this Annual Meeting. Tickets are $16.00 in Advance and $19.00 On-Site.

Technical Exhibition and Poster Session

The Technical Exhibition will be held in the Sheraton Hall located on the Lower Concourse Level of the Sheraton from 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM. From 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM, the Technical Exhibition will again be open in conjunction with a general poster session covering several technical symposia and over 140 posters. A Technical Session coffee break is scheduled at 9:30 AM in the Exhibit Hall to allow meeting attendees additional time to browse through the exhibits. This exhibition will feature instruments, materials, systems, publications, and software of interest to meeting attendees.

Organic & Biological Electrochemistry Baizer Award Reception

At 7:00 PM, a reception will be held in the Civic Ballroom South located on the second floor of the hotel in honor of the Organic & Biological Electrochemistry Division's Manuel M. Baizer Award recipients, J. Simonet and J.H.P. Utley.

Wednesday, May 17, 2000

Honors and Awards Session

The Honors and Awards Session will begin at 8:30 AM in Cinema 1 located on the Lower Concourse Level. At this session the Vittorio de Nora Award will be presented to Dennis R. Turner and the Henry B. Linford Award will be presented to Glenn E. Stoner. Several other awards will also be presented. All Meeting registrants are invited.

Vittorio De Nora Award Address

Immediately following the Honors and Awards Session, Dennis R. Turner will deliver the Vittorio De Nora Award Address entitled, "Electrochemical Engineering and Technology for Electronics." All Meeting registrants are invited to attend this award address as well as the special reception that will be held in the Essex Ballroom at 6:00 PM this evening.

Technical Exhibition

The Technical Exhibition will be held in the Sheraton Hall located on the Lower Concourse Level from 9:00 AM to 2:00 PM. A Technical Session coffee break is scheduled at 9:30 AM in the Exhibit Hall to allow meeting attendees additional time to browse through the exhibits. This exhibition will feature instruments, materials, systems, publications, and software of interest to meeting attendees.

Canadian Section Meeting

At 5:00 PM, a meeting of the Canadian Section will be held in the Windsor East & West Rooms located on the Mezzanine Level of the Richmond Tower in the Sheraton.

Vittorio De Nora Award Reception

At 6:00 PM, a special reception will be held in the Essex Ballroom located on the Mezzanine Level in the Richmond Tower of the Sheraton in honor of the Vittorio De Nora Award recipient, Dennis R. Turner. All Meeting registrants are invited to greet the medallist.

COMMITTEE MEETINGS

Sunday, May 14, 2000

TIME COMMITTEE/LOCATION
2:00 PM Electronics Division Subcommittee on Silicon Dioxide/Silicon Interface, Huron Room, 2nd Floor
3:00 PM Electronics Division Subcommittee on Compound Semiconductors, Kenora Room, 2nd Floor
Electronics Division Subcommittee on ULSI Science and Technology, Simcoe/Dufferin Rooms, 2nd Floor
4:00 PM Electronics Division Award Subcommittee, Huron Room, 2nd Floor
5:00 PM Fellow Nominating Subcommittee, Kenora Room, 2nd Floor
5:30 PM Electronics Division Technical Program Planning Subcommittee, Simcoe/Dufferin Rooms, 2nd Floor
6:30 PM Dielectric Science and Technology Division Governing Body/Long-Range Planning Committee, Kent Room, 2nd Floor
Interface Advisory Board, Huron Room, 2nd Floor
7:00 PM Council of Sections, City Hall, 2nd Floor
Fullerenes Group Executive Committee, Wentworth Room, 2nd Floor
8:00 PM Electronics Division Executive Committee, Simcoe/Dufferin Rooms, 2nd Floor
Physical Electrochemistry Division Symposium Planning Committee, Kenora Room, 2nd Floor
8:45 PM Sensor Division Executive Committee, Huron Room, 2nd Floor


Monday, May 15, 2000

TIME COMMITTEE/LOCATION
7:00 AM Industrial Electrolysis and Electrochemical Engineering Division Executive Committee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Dielectric Science and Technology Division Symposium Planning Committee, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
High Temperature Materials Division Executive Committee, Oxford Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Physical Electrochemistry Division Executive Committee, Conference Room A, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
10:00 AM Honorary Membership Subcommittee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
10:30 AM Education Committee, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Contributing Membership Committee, Oxford Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
12:00 Noon Electrodeposition Division Symposium Planning Committee, Conference Room A, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
1:30 PM Society Meeting Committee, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Ad Hoc Committee on the Integrity of Society Publications, Oxford Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
3:00 PM New Technology Subcommittee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Letters Advisory Board, Oxford Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
4:00 PM Solid State Division/Group Chairmen's Meeting (Energy Technology Division Host), Club Boardroom, 43rd Floor
Honors and Awards Committee, Conference Room A, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
5:00 PM Organic and Biological Electrochemistry Division Executive Committee, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
7:00 PM Energy Technology Division Executive Committee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower


Tuesday, May 16, 2000

TIME COMMITTEE/LOCATION
7:30 AM Symposium Subcommittee, Civic Ballroom South, 2nd Floor
Journal Editorial Board, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
9:00 AM Publication Committee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
10:30 AM Individual Membership Committee and Division/Group/Section Representatives, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
1:30 PM Technical Affairs Committee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
3:30 PM Finance Committee, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
5:00 PM Canadian Section Executive Committee Meeting, Oxford Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower


Wednesday, May 17, 2000

TIME COMMITTEE/LOCATION
7:00 AM Council of Past Presidents' Breakfast, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Solid State Monograph Committee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
10:00 AM Ways and Means Committee, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
12:00 NOON Financial Policy Advisory Committee, Peel Room, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
2:00 PM Ad Hoc Committee on the Society Centennial, Norfolk Room, Mezzanine Level -Richmond Tower
5:00 PM Canadian Section Meeting, Grand Ballroom East, Lower Concourse
7:00 PM Fullerenes Symposium Planning Committee, VIP Room, Concourse Level


Thursday, May 18, 2000

TIME COMMITTEE/LOCATION
9:00 AM Board of Directors' Meeting, Essex Ballroom, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower


LUNCHEONS AND BUSINESS MEETINGS

Luncheon tickets are $16.00 in Advance and $19.00 at the Meeting and non-refundable; space is limited and tickets should be purchased in advance.

Monday, May 15, 2000

TIME DIVISION/LOCATION
12:15 PM Electronics Division, Essex Ballroom, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Physical Electrochemistry Division, Civic Ballroom South, 2nd Floor
Industrial Electrolysis and Electrochemical Engineering Division, Long Bar & Lounge, 2nd Floor


Tuesday, May 16, 2000

TIME DIVISION/LOCATION
12:15 PM Annual Society Luncheon, Essex Ballroom, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower


Wednesday, May 17, 2000

TIME DIVISION/LOCATION
12:15 PM Dielectric Science and Technology Division, VIP Room, Concourse Level
Energy Technology Division, Long Bar & Lounge, 2nd Floor
Fullerenes Group, Essex Ballroom, Mezzanine Level - Richmond Tower
Organic and Biological Electrochemistry Division, Civic Ballroom South, 2nd Floor


TECHNICAL SESSION CO-CHAIR ORIENTATION

All Technical Session Co-Chairs are urged to attend an orientation breakfast on the day of their sessions. The continental breakfast is scheduled from 7:30 AM to 8:30 AM Monday through Thursday in the Long Bar & Lounge located on the 2nd Floor of the Sheraton. All Session Co-Chairs have been sent the necessary information and materials needed to conduct their Technical Sessions. Should you have any questions or specific problems that you would like to discuss, a member of the Society Headquarters Staff will be available during the times listed above on the day of your participation.

NONTECHNICAL REGISTRANTS PROGRAM

Nontechnical Registrants are cordially invited to a complimentary continental breakfast each morning from 8:30 AM to 10:00 AM, Monday through Thursday, in Trader's Bar and Grille located on the Lobby Level of the Sheraton. During this period, plans can be made with old and new acquaintances to enjoy one of the many sightseeing tours available through Toronto Tours, Ltd., the exclusive tour operator for the Society's 197th Meeting. The Tour Registration Desk will be located in the Meeting Registration Area in the Foyer on the Concourse Level of the Sheraton from the hours: Sunday - 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM and Monday - Wednesday - 8:00 AM to 10:00 AM. Tour reservations must be received by April 17, 2000 to qualify for the advance prices so please make your reservations early because space is limited. On-site registrations will be taken on a space available basis only. Buses for all tours will depart from the Richmond Street exit of the Sheraton at the scheduled times listed below. Please feel free to contact Toronto Tours, Ltd., 60 Harbour Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada by Fax: (416) 869-0284 or e-mail: ttours@torontotours.com , with any questions you may have. Please mention that you are attending The Electrochemical Society Meeting in Toronto. Please note that all prices include GST taxes. Payments will be processed in Canadian (CDN) funds and then exchanged to your currency by your credit card company. The US prices have been indicated for your reference at the current rate of exchange at press-time. Toronto Tours Ltd. reserves the right to cancel tours that do not meet the minimum. In the event of a cancellation, you will be notified by Toronto Tours immediately. Tour tickets will be distributed at the Electrochemical Society Tour Desk in the Sheraton Centre. All delegates require their tour ticket in order to provide proof of registration.

Monday, May 15, 2000

"Get to Know Toronto" Tour Orientation - 9:00 AM - 9:30 AM (Trader's Bar & Grille, Lobby Level)

Enjoy a thirty-minute introduction to Toronto and all its highlights! One of Toronto Tours, Ltd's specially trained tour guides will brief your group on all there is to see and do while visiting Toronto. This time can be used for answering questions and giving inside advice on the "hot spots" Toronto has to offer. Price: Complimentary.

Toronto City Highlights Tour by Land, Sea and Air - 10:00 AM - 3:00 PM

Step on board and relax on our sightseeing boat for a delightful one-hour Harbour tour on Lake Ontario, one of the five Great Lakes. Lake Ontario is actually an inland sea, and today we will motor across its waters while the Captain reveals many new and exciting things about the city, Toronto Harbour and the Islands. Big lake ships, oceanic freighters, and luxury yachts abound in the bustling Harbour. The Harbourfront has been completely rebuilt over the years and is now one of the most popular areas of the city. It is here that the you will find some of the most prestigious shops, condominiums and apartments in the country. As we move through the Toronto Islands, you will notice the abundance of waterfowl. Geese, swans, cormorants, herons and the rare Eastern Bluebird are all here, as the Toronto Islands are sanctuaries for wildlife. Peaceful, with no traffic allowed, the islands are a retreat in any season. This tour includes free time for lunch on your own at Queen's Quay, Toronto's own harbour shopping district. After lunch, we soar high above the harbour to experience a new perspective of Toronto from the top of the impressive CN Tower (admission included). Both the public and experts from the field of construction come to marvel at the Tower, which stands as a testament to human ingenuity and achievement. While some day, some place, someone might build a higher tower, the significance of the CN structure to the people of Canada and to visitors worldwide will never be diminished. This tour also includes a city bus tour that will highlight the many attractions and sightseeing opportunities that are available in Toronto. Tickets are $54.00 (CDN) per person ($38.00 US) in Advance and $59.00 (CDN) per person ($42.00 US) On-Site.

Tuesday, May 16, 2000

Tai Chi, You and Me! - 8:45 AM - 9:30 AM (Trader's Bar & Grille, Lobby Level)

What better way to start the day than with a thirty minute Tai Chi lesson led by one of Toronto's most popular instructors. This slow, graceful Chinese exercise program increases strength and muscle tone, enhances range of motion and flexibility and improves balance and coordination. Your attendees will enjoy a basic introduction to Tai Chi, which consists of a set of soft slow movements, known as form. Tai Chi is accessible to all aged and physical abilities and requires no special equipment. Price: Complimentary.

Niagara Region Tour - 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM

No trip to Ontario would be complete without a visit to Niagara Falls and the surrounding region. Embark on this fully conducted tour to one of the natural wonders of the world - the Niagara Peninsula. With a blend of contemporary man-made achievement and nature's own beauty and wonder, the region is truly a Canadian jewel. Traveling towards Niagara, around the western perimeter of Lake Ontario, we will show your group the industrial heartland outside Toronto. As you move through one small city after another, the beautiful Niagara Escarpment will slowly come into view. Its sheltering ridge is the reason for the area's productive vineyards and fruit orchards, which yield some of the world's finest wines, jams and fruit nectars. Since the early 1820's, millions of visitors have been attracted to Niagara Falls. The Falls are awe inspiring - even more so aboard the historical world famous Maid of the Mist. The tour will cruise right to the base of the American Falls where you will hear the thunder on the rocks and feel a cool mist on your face. But that's only the beginning. The boat's powerful engine growls as it pushes you into the very basin of the magnificent Horseshoe Falls. Water rushes all around as you soak in the excitement. As for the midday meal, we know your group will enjoy a generous buffet lunch overlooking the Falls at a newly renovated hotel. After lunch, the tour will proceed to Niagara-on-the-Lake, a charming town considered to be one of the prettiest in Ontario. Take in the scenic Niagara parkway above the Niagara Gorge as your coach winds past luxurious country homes and vinelands. Niagara-on-the-Lake is one of the earliest British settlements in Canada. Enjoy shopping at the quaint craft and specialty shops. This town is lovely and it will transport visitors to a more genteel period in our history. It has also gained a reputation for its mouthwatering fudge so be sure to visit the fudge factory on the main street and sample some flavors. It's delicious! Tickets are $70.00 (CDN) per person ($50.00 US) in Advance and $75.00 (CDN) per person ($54.00 US) On-Site.

Wednesday, May 17, 2000

Breakfast with one of Toronto's Favorite Historians - 9:00 AM - 9:45 AM (Trader's Bar & Grille, Lobby Level)

Enjoy a humorous and informative forty-five-minute look at the way Torontonians have lived, worked, traveled, and entertained themselves. Mike Filey, Toronto's favorite historian, will lead this workshop. He has written more than a dozen books on the history of Toronto, and a session with him will provide some of the highlights of Toronto's history - presented with a fresh and funny approach. He is a member of the advisory council of the Toronto Historical Board and a recipient of their award of merit. A staunch advocate of humanizing the facts of history, Mike's love of Toronto comes through in a colorful slide presentation and flexible speaking format, which he easily adapts to meet the special interests of any audience. Price: Complimentary.

Mennonite Country Tour - 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM

Enjoy a drive through the countryside in Ontario's beautiful Mennonite district. Visit the picturesque villages of St. Jacobs and Elmira and experience why visitors continue to be awed by the pride, heritage and craftsmanship of the Mennonite settlers. Very little has changed in St. Jacobs during the past century. In 1875, the sounds of the blacksmith's forge, the rattle of the stagecoach and paddle of the flourmill could all be heard in this little village. Today, the old blacksmith shop still remains, as do the horse and buggy and the historical buildings. Local craftsmen use time-honored methods to fashion modern art and the horses belong to the small but thriving Mennonite community. Many of the original buildings remain, housing art, craft, gift and antique shops. Included in this tour is a buffet lunch in St. Jacobs accompanied by free time to explore. You will experience the many sights and sounds of the Mennonite working farm, first hand! Your journey will include a talk in the dairy barn, investigating the buggy shed and a trip to the sugar shanty. Your day will also include a fascinating commentated tour of Elmira and the surrounding countryside. Explore the colorful history of the Mennonite community with stops at the last remaining covered bridge in Ontario, and a one-room schoolhouse still in use. Your informative guide will tell you about the history, beliefs and lifestyles of the Mennonite Community. Tickets are $65.00 (CDN) per person ($46.00 US) in Advance and $70.00 (CDN) per person ($50.00 US) On-Site.

Thursday, May 18, 2000

Morning Book Chat - 9:00 AM - 9:30 AM (Trader's Bar & Grille, Lobby Level)

This morning, the Nontechnical Registrants will spend an hour discussing the best-selling novel entitled, "Snow Falling on Cedars" by David Guterson. This book is about a 1954 murder trial in an island community off the coast of Washington State broadens into an exploration of war, race, and the mysteries of human motivation. The dead man, Carl Heine, his accused murderer, Kabuo Miyomoto, and the one-man staff of the local newspaper, Ishmael Chambers, were all scarred by their experiences in World War II but resumed normal-seeming lives upon their return to the fishing and strawberry-farming community of San Piedro in Puget Sound. While fishermen Heine and Miyomoto set about raising families, the newspaperman remains alone and apart, alienated by the loss of an arm and a childhood love, who married Miyomoto. Chambers comes upon information that could alter the verdict of the trial if presented or change his own life if suppressed, creating a private trial as momentous as the public one, with the outcome as much in doubt. Guterson's first novel is compellingly suspenseful on each of its several levels. (Review by Dennis Dodge, Copyright(c) 1994, American Library Association)

POSTER SESSIONS

For those authors presenting posters, please arrive approximately two hours in advance of the start of your session to begin setting up your poster displays. Plan your display to fit on one upright panel approximately 96" wide by 48" high. Present displayed information from left to right, starting at the top left of the panel. The paper title, number, names and affiliations of all authors MUST be at the top of the display. The recommended print size for the title is approximately 1 to 2" (2.5 cm to 5 cm) high. Authors should minimize written text but use it when necessary to emphasize essential data and/or to stimulate discussion. Posters must be written in English. All illustrations, drawings, charts, pictures, graphs, figures, and written text should be large enough to allow easy reading from a distance of 5' (1.5 m). Matted and finished photographs are recommended to enhance visibility. Pins, tape and/or thumbtacks will be supplied at the Meeting. Commercial advertisements or publicity will NOT be permitted in poster presentations. Authors violating this regulation will be asked to remove their presentations immediately. Authors are responsible for setting up their displays, for being present during the entire scheduled poster session, and for removing their displays at the conclusion of the poster session. No posters will be displayed without author participation. NO EXCEPTIONS WILL BE GRANTED. Authors are responsible for the security of their displays and all items of value. The Electrochemical Society, Inc. will not assume any responsibility for lost, stolen, or broken articles. Additional information or special requirements should be addressed to the individual Symposium Organizers prior to the Meeting.

SPEAKER-READY ROOM

A Speaker-Ready Room will be available Sunday through Thursday in the Vide Office located on the Lower Concourse of the Sheraton. This room is available to allow speakers the opportunity to preview their slides and/or transparencies and prepare for their presentations. Additionally, there will be audio visual technician's tables located at stations outside the meeting rooms for your assistance.

EMPLOYMENT SERVICES

There will be a special bulletin board in the Registration Area for employment posters. Companies desiring to recruit employees are requested to place their announcements on this special board. Please note that these announcements should be no larger than 8 1/2" x 11".

In addition, the Ice Palace Suite located on the 4th Floor of the Sheraton will be available as an Employment Interview Room from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Sunday, May 15 through Thursday, May 18. This room will be open all day for representatives from those companies or institutions that would like to interview prospective applicants for their use in interviewing and screening prospective applicants during the 197th Meeting.

CHILD CARE

Kids and Quackers Play Centre is a childcare agency is located within the Sheraton Centre Toronto Hotel. You can reach them by phone at (416) 947-4942. Neither the Society nor the hotel assumes any liability for making them available to you.

ADA ACCESSIBILITY

Special accommodations for disabled attendees will be handled on an individual basis provided that adequate notice is given to the Society Headquarters Office.

SPEAKER INDEMNIFICATION

The ideas and opinions expressed in the technical sessions, conferences, and any handout materials provided are those of the presenter. They are not those of The Electrochemical Society, Inc. nor can any endorsement by The Electrochemical Society, Inc. be claimed.

DISCUSSION

No recording will be made of the oral discussions. Those contributing to the discussion of a paper and desiring their remarks to be published should send the discussion to the Publications Manager, JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, 65 South Main Street, Pennington, New Jersey 08534-2839 USA. The discussion will then be referred to the author for a reply. Publication of the discussion and the comments of the author(s) depends on the publication of the paper in the JOURNAL.

Written discussion of a published paper should be submitted within two months following the publication of the article.

NOTE

Photographing of slides, charts, etc., will be permitted unless specifically prohibited by the speaker. PHOTO FLASH AND PHOTO FLOODS ARE PROHIBITED. TAPE RECORDINGS, EXCEPT ON BEHALF OF THE SOCIETY, ARE PROHIBITED.