208th ECS Meeting - Los Angeles, California

October 16 - October 21, 2005

PROGRAM INFORMATION

 

X2 - Durability and Reliability of Low-Temperature Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Systems

Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry

 

Tuesday, October 18, 2005

Beaudry B, Lobby Level

Catalyst and Catalyst Support Durability in PEMFCs

Co-Chairs: J. Dahn & H. Gasteiger
TimeAbs#Title and Authors
08:00 1164 Development of Durable and High-Performance Electrocatalysts and Electrocatalyst Support Materials J. Dahn (Dalhousie University), D. Stevens (Dalhousie Univ.), A. Bonakdarpour (Dalhousie), B. Easton (Dalhousie University), M. Hicks, G. Haugen, R. Atanasoski and M. K. Debe (3M Company)
08:40 1165 Durable Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Materials: Requirements and Benchmarking Methodologies R. Makharia (General Motors), S. Kocha (GM Fuel Cell Activities), P. Yu, C. Gittleman, D. Miller, C. Lewis, F. Wagner (General Motors) and H. A. Gasteiger (General Motors Fuel Cell Activities)
09:10 1166 Durability and Degradation Mechanisms in High-Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells T. J. Schmidt (PEMEAS GmbH)
09:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
10:00 1167 Limiting Factors in PEM Fuel Cell Durability S. Motupally and T. D. Jarvi (UTC Fuel Cells)
10:20 1168 Durability Investigation of Carbon Nanotube as Catalyst Support for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Electrode M. M. Waje (University of California Riverside), X. Wang (Nanyang Technological University), W. Li, Z. Chen and Y. Yan (University of California Riverside)
10:40 1169 Electrochemical Oxidation Resistance of Carbonaceous Materials M. R. Dowlapalli, P. Atanassov (University of New Mexico), J. Xie and G. Rice (Cabot SMP)
11:00 1170 Durability Aspects of Nanostructured Thin Film Catalysts M. K. Debe, S. Hendricks, A. Schmoeckel, R. Atanasoski, G. Vernstrom and G. Haugen (3M Company)
11:20 1171 Electrocatalyst Stability In PEMFCs T. R. Ralph (Johnson Matthey)
11:40 1172 Consumption of Pt Catalyst under Electrolysis and Fuel Cell Operation S. Kawahara, K. Ota, N. Kamiya and S. Mitsushima (Yokohama National University)
 

Impact of Contaminants on PEMFC Durability

Co-Chairs: T. Schmidt & Y. Shao-Horn
TimeAbs#Title and Authors
14:00 1173 Impact of contaminants on the performance of PEMFC cathodes Y. Garsany, M. Teliska and K. Swider-Lyons (Naval Research Laboratory)
14:20 1174 The Effect of Ionomer Content on the Performance of a PEMFC Exposed to Ammonia H. J. Soto, S. D. Greenway, V. A. Sethuraman and J. Van Zee (University of South Carolina)
14:40 1175 Cleaning PEMFC Pt-Electrodes with Adsorbed S-species T. Q. Rockward and F. Uribe (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
15:00 1176 Adsorption, Desorption & Oxidation of Hydrogen Sulfide on PEM Electrodes V. A. Sethuraman, J. W. Weidner, S. Balasubramanian and L. Wise (University of South Carolina)
15:20 1177 A Model for SO2 Impurity in Air Fed to a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell W. Wang, W. Lee and J. Van Zee (University of South Carolina)
15:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
 

Pt and Pt-Alloy Degradation Mechanisms in PEMFCs

TimeAbs#Title and Authors
16:00 1178 Enhanced Durability of PtCo catalysts for PEMFC S. C. Ball, B. Theobald, D. Thompsett and S. Hudson (Johnson Matthey)
16:20 1179 Fuel Cell Catalyst Particle Size Growth Characterized by X-Ray Scattering Methods F. H. Garzon, J. Davey and R. Borup (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
16:40 1180 Stability and Dissolution of the Platinum Single Crystal Surfaces and Platinum Nanoparticles in Perchloric Acid V. Komanicky, K. Chang, A. Menzel, H. You, X. Wang and D. Myers (Argonne National Laboratory)
17:00 1181 Stability of Platinum Particles in Cathode Catalyst Layer of PEMFC Z. Siroma, A. Taniguchi, T. Akita (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), K. Yasuda (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), K. Ishii, M. Tanaka, M. Inaba and A. Tasaka (Doshisha University)
17:20 1182 Coarsening of Pt Nanoparticles Supported on Carbon and Degradation of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Y. Shao-Horn, P. Ferreira, G. la O' (MIT), R. Makharia (General Motors), S. Kocha (GM Fuel Cell Activities) and H. A. Gasteiger (General Motors Fuel Cell Activities)
 

Pasadena, Lower Lobby Level

Tuesday Evening Poster Session

Co-Chairs: H. Gasteiger & T. Jarvi
TimeAbs#Title and Authors
o 1183 A Study on Degradation of PEMFC during a Non-Humidified Operation E. Cho (KIST), J. Ha (Seoul National University), H. Kim, S. Lee, T. Lim, I. Oh (KIST) and H. Lee (Seoul National University)
o 1184 PEM Electrode Durability Measurements J. Davey, R. Borup and F. H. Garzon (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
o 1185 Degradation of Nafion Membranes in Hydrogen Peroxide K. Kodama, F. Miura, N. Hasegawa, M. Kawasumi and Y. Morimoto (Toyota Central R&D Labs, Inc.)
 

Wednesday, October 19, 2005

Beaudry B, Lobby Level

PEMFC Membrane Degradation Mechanisms

Co-Chairs: S. Cleghorn & S. Burlatsky
TimeAbs#Title and Authors
10:00 1186 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Degradation Mechanisms – Findings Over the Past 30 Years and Comparison with Electrolyzers A. Laconti (Giner, Inc./Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC), H. Liu (Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC), C. Mittelsteadt and R. McDonald (Giner, Inc./Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC)
10:40 1187 Development of Highly Durable MEA for PEMFC Under High Temperature Operations (2) E. Endoh, H. Kawazoe and H. Nakagawa (Asahi Glass Co., Ltd.)
11:00 1188 MEA Accelerated Testing and Lifetime Modeling M. Hicks, D. Pierpont, P. Turner, M. Yandrasits and T. Watschke (3M Company)
11:20 1189 Multi-scale modeling considerations for PEM fuel cell durability S. F. Burlatsky, N. Cipollini, D. Condit, T. Madden (United Technologies Research Center) and V. Atrazhev (Russian Academy of Science)
 

Operating Conditions and Catalyst Impact on Membrane Degradation

TimeAbs#Title and Authors
14:00 1190 High Durability of Asahi Kasei Aciplex Membrane N. Miyake, M. Wakizoe, E. Honda and T. Ohta (ASAHI KASEI CHEMICALS Co.)
14:30 1191 Effect of Operation Conditions on Membrane Durability in PEM Fuel Cells W. Liu (W. L. Gore & Associates) and S. Cleghorn (W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc)
15:00 1192 Factors Accelerating Membrane Degradation Rate and the Underlying Degradation Mechanism in PEMFC V. Mittal, R. Kunz (University of Connecticut) and J. Fenton (University of Central Florida)
15:20 1193 Impacting Factors for Chemical Degradation of Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acid Ionomer H. Liu (Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC), A. Laconti (Giner, Inc./Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC), H. A. Gasteiger and J. Zhang (General Motors Fuel Cell Activities)
15:40 1194 H2O2 Formation Mechanism in PEMFC V. Mittal, R. Kunz (University of Connecticut) and J. Fenton (University of Central Florida)
16:00 1195 Strategies for Mitigation of Perfluorosulfonic Acid Degradation in PEM Fuel Cells K. E. Schwiebert, K. Raiford, G. Escobedo and G. S. Nagarajan (DuPont Fuel Cells)
16:30 Intermission (10 Minutes)
 

Materials Characterization with Respect to Membrane Degradation

TimeAbs#Title and Authors
16:40 1196 Hydrogen Peroxide Formation as a Degradation Factor of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells M. Inaba, H. Yamada, J. Tokunaga, R. Umebayashi, K. Matsuzawa, A. Hatanaka and A. Tasaka (Doshisha University)
17:10 1197 In Situ Micro-Raman on the Membrane in a Working PEM-Cell H. Matic (Chalmers University of Technology), A. Lundblad and G. Lindbergh (Royal Institute of Technology)
17:30 1198 Temperature and Water Content Measurements of Nafion Membrane in PEM Fuel Cells J. Kim, G. Barbastathis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Y. Shao-Horn and L. Waller (MIT)
 

Thursday, October 20, 2005

Beaudry B, Lobby Level

PEMFC Stack and System Membrane Degradation/Reliability

Co-Chairs: J. Meyers & T. Jarvi
TimeAbs#Title and Authors
08:00 1199 Applying the Lessons Learned from PAFC to PEM Fuel Cells T. Fuller (Georgia Institute of Technology), M. Perry and C. Reiser (UTC Fuel Cells)
08:40 1200 Characteristics of Electrode Potential and Degradation under Hydrogen Starved Operation in PEFC Y. Takagi, S. Okada and Y. Sato (Musashi Inst. of Tech.)
09:00 1201 Carbon Corrosion Induced by Partial Hydrogen Coverage T. Fuller and G. Gray (Georgia Institute of Technology)
09:20 1202 Flow Control in a Fuel Cell Flow Field for Improved Performance and Reliability M. Blanco (The University of British Columbia and the National Research Council - Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation), D. Wilkinson (University of British Columbia), R. Rahbari and H. Wang (National Research Council - Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation)
09:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
10:00 1203 New Approach for Detection of Different Critical Stack Operating Conditions for Large Volume Fuel Cell Applications E. Ramschak, V. Peinecke, P. Prenninger (AVL List GmbH), W. Baumgartner (Institute for Chemistry and Technology of Inorganic Materials, CD-Laboratory for Fuel Cell Systems, Graz University of Technology), T. Schaffer and V. Hacker (Graz University of Technology)
10:20 1204 Methods of Analyzing Long-Term Performance Behavior and Degradation in H2-Air PEMFCs D. L. Wood, J. Davey (Los Alamos National Laboratory), P. Atanassov (University of New Mexico) and R. Borup (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
10:40 1205 Durability Studies of PEM Fuel Cell Using Specified Flow Plate Q. Yan and J. Wu (Mississippi State University)
11:00 1206 Accelerated Life Tests for Fuel Cells M. J. Heneka (Universität Karlsruhe) and E. Ivers-Tiffee (Universitat Karlsruhe)
11:20 1207 PEMFC Stack Field Experiences A. Maekawa and T. Aoki (Toshiba Fuel Cell Power Systems)
 

PEMFC Freeze Degradation

Co-Chairs: P. Zelenay & T. Jarvi
TimeAbs#Title and Authors
14:00 1208 Freeze/Thaw Effects in PEM Fuel Cells R. Mukundan, Y. Kim, F. H. Garzon and B. Pivovar (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
14:20 1209 Effects of Freeze-thaw Cycling on Performance Degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells M. Mench and S. Kim (Penn State University)
14:40 1210 1-D Transient Model of Shutdown to a Frozen State in a Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell S. He and M. Mench (Penn State University)
15:00 1211 Performance of A PEM Fuel Cell Stack at Sub-Freezing Conditions Q. Yan and J. Wu (Mississippi State University)
15:20 Intermission (20 Minutes)
 

DMFC Durability

TimeAbs#Title and Authors
15:40 1212 Ruthenium Crossover in DMFCs Operating with Different Proton Conducting Membranes J. Choi, Y. Kim, R. Bashyam and P. Zelenay (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
16:00 1213 Ruthenium Mobility in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells L. Gancs, T. Arruda, N. Hakim, M. S. Saha and S. Mukerjee (Northeastern University)
16:20 1214 Performance of DMFC with TiN Coated Aluminum Bipolar/End Plates B. R. Padhy and R. G. Reddy (The University of Alabama)
16:40 1215 Durability of Membrane-Electrode Interface under DMFC Operating Conditions Y. Kim and B. Pivovar (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
17:00 1216 Durability Evaluation of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells R. Jiang and D. Chu (ARL)
17:20 1217 Performance Durability of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells P. Zelenay (Los Alamos National Laboratory)