204th Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Co-sponsored in Part by the Electronics Division of The American Ceramic Society

October 12-October 16, 2003


O1 - Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells and Batteries

Energy Technology/New Technology Subcommittee/Battery/Physical Electrochemistry/Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures/Industrial Electrolysis and Electrochemical Engineering

Tuesday, October 14, 2003

Great Hall East, Ground Level


Co-Chairs: G. Ehrlich and R.F. Savinell

2:00971 Covalently Cross-Linked Ionomer Composite Membranes for Fuel Cells - J. Kerres (University of Stuttgart)
2:30972 Surface Chemistry of Solid Oxide Materials for High Temperature PEMFCs - S. Lvov (The Pennsylvania State University)
2:45973 Proton Conducting Molecular Sieves for High Temperature Polymer Composite Fuel Cell Membranes - D. Coutinho, Z. Yang, F. Feng, J. Ferraris, and K. Balkus (University of Texas at Dallas)
3:00974 A Novel Method for Measuring a Spatial Distribution of Water Content Within a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Under Fuel Cell Operation by Magnetic Resonance Imaging - S. Tsushima, K. Teranishi, and S. Hirai (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
3:15975 Study on Membrane Thickness Effect on PEFCfs Performance by Using Measurement of Water Distribution in a Membrane - K. Teranishi, S. Tsushima, and S. Hirai (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
3:30976 Novel Polymer/Molecular Sieve Composite Membranes for High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells - J. Ferraris, D. Coutinho, Z. Yang, F. Feng, and K. balkus (University of Texas at Dallas)
3:45977 Polyvinazene: A New Membrane Material for High Temperature Fuel Cells - H. Lei, P. Zhang, D. Renock, J. Miller, M. Wixom (T/J Technologies, Inc), and P. Rasmussen (University of Michigan)
4:00978 Hybrid Inorganic-Organic Copolymer Membranes for High-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells - S. Li and M. Liu (Georgia Institute of Technology)
4:15979 Anhydrous Proton Conductors Based on Polymer Amine Salts - S. Narayanan and S.-P. Yen (Jet Propulsion Laboratory)
4:30980 Fundamental Studies of Proton Diffusion in Heteropolyacids in Relation to Secondary Structure and the Implications for the Development of PEM Fuel Cell Membranes for Higher Temperature Operation - A. Herring (Colorado School of Mines), J. Turner (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), S. Dec, F. Meng (Colorado School of Mines), and J. Malers (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
4:45981 Thermodynamics of Hydration of Acid Moieties in Proton Conducting Fuel Cell Membranes - T. Kalapos, H. Every, and T. Zawodzinski (Case Western Reserve University)
5:00982 Ionic Liquids As Non-corrosive High Temperature Fuel Cell Electrolytes - J.-P. Belieres, W. Xu, and C.A. Angell (Arizona State University)
5:15983 Electrochemical Characterization of Stabilized Heteropolyacid / Ionomer Composite Membranes for High Temperature PEMFCs - V. Ramani, H. Kunz, and J. Fenton (University of Connecticut)
5:30984 Novel Approach to Improve Durability of Hydrocarbon PEM toward Oxidative Degradation - M. Kawasumi, T. Taniguchi, Y. Morimoto, N. Hasegawa, A. Kamiya, and K. Kawahara (Toyota Central R and D Laboratories, Inc.)
5:45985 Salicylic Acid Electrooxidation. A Surface Film Formation - M.D. Baturova, A. Vedenjapin, and A. Skundin (Unknown)

Exhibit Hall, Ground Level

Technical Exhibit and Poster Session, 7:00 - 9:00 PM

Co-Chairs: G. Ehrlich and P. Arora

o986 The Preparation of Pt, Pt_xRuyOz, PtxSnyOz and PtxRuySnwOz by the Polymeric Precursors Method - L.P.R. Profeti and P. Olivi (Universidade de Sao Paulo)
o987 Fabrication of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Using Nano-Sized Ceramics - B. Sabacky (Altair Nanomaterials, Inc.)
o988 Nano-Porous Tin Oxides with Honeycomb-like Channels for Lithium Batteries - H.-C. Shin, J. Dong, and M. Liu (Georgia Institute of Technology)
o989 Novel Highly Conductive Poly(phenylene sulfonic acid)s and its Evaluation as Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells - S. Granados-Focil and M.H. Litt (Case Western Reserve University)
o990 Characterization of Membrane-Electrode Assemblies Obtained by Electrostatic Processing - O. Baturina and G. Wnek (Virginia Commonwealth University)
o991 Cathode Oxygen Reduction Catalysts for PEM Fuel Cell Applications - P. Zhang, D. Renock, H. Lei, and C. Peiter (T/J Technologies, Inc.)
o992 In-situ Evaluation of Sulfophenylated Polysulfone Membranes in a Hydrogen/Oxygen PEFC - H. Ekstrm (The Royal Institute of Technology), P. Jannasch, B. Lafitte (Lund University), G. Lindbergh, and A. Lundblad (The Royal Institute of Technology)
o993 Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of the Electrolysis of Ethanol for Fuel Cell Applications - A. Marquez, M. Liu, J. Heilmann, and G. Botte (Ohio University)
o994 Fabrication of Functional Pt Nanoparticles Dispersed in Conductive Polymer - S. Deki, H. Nishikawa, and M. Mizuhata (Kobe University)
o995 Control of Pore Sizes in Porous Ce0.2Gd0.8O2-d Substrate for Oxygen Permeable Ce0.2Gd0.8O2-d Spinel-Type Ferrite Composite Thin Film - I. Kagomiya, T. Iijima (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), H. Kakuta, and H. Takamura (Tohoku University)
o996 Characteristics and Performance Evaluation of Pt-(Ru)Electrode Prepared by Periodic-Reverse Electrodeposition in Nafion-contained Electrolyte - S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Choi, J.-D. Nam, Y. Lee, S.-M. Cho (Sungkyunkwan University), E.-S. Lee, J.-K. Lee (Sungkyunkwan Univ), and C.-H. Chung (Sungkyunkwan University)
o997 Improved Cell Performance via the Microstructural Control of SOFC Anodes - J.H. Lee, D.C. Baek, J. Kim, G.H. Kim, H.W. Lee, and H. Song (Korea Institute of Science and Technology)
o998 Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Lithium Nickel Cobalt Oxides by Solution-based Process - S.H. Oh, H.J. Kim, W.T. Jeong, W.I. Cho, and B.W. Cho (Korea Institute of Science and Technology)
o999 Performance Evaluation of the Electrochemically Prepared Manganese Catalyst for the Cathode Electrode of DMFC - H.-H. Cho, H.-G. Choi, J.-D. Nam, Y. Lee, S.-M. Cho (Sungkyunkwan University), E.-S. Lee, J.-K. Lee (Hyup Jin I&C Co., LTD.), and C.-H. Chung (Sungkyunkwan University)
o1000 Electrochemical Performance of Surface-modified LiCoO_2 Cathode Material Prepared by Mechanical Coating - W.T. Jeong, S.H. Oh, H.J. Kim, W.I. Cho, and B.W. Cho (Korea Institute of Science and Technology)
o1001 Geometric Effect of GNF and CNT as Supporting Materials for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell - I.-S. Park, K.-W. Park, J.-H. Choi, W.-H. Nam, and Y.-E. Sung (Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology)
o1002 Temperature Tolerant Proton Conducting Polytetramethylene Oxide and zirconium Oxide Hybrid Membrane - K. Je-Deok and H. Itaru (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
o1003 Atomistic Simulation Based on the Mesoscopic Structure of a Polyelectrolyte Membrane for Fuel Cells - S. Yamamoto, R. Jinnouchi, S. Yamakawa, and S.-A. Hyodo (Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc.)
o1004 Using Duplex, Austenite and Ferrite Stainless Steels for Bipolar Plate in PEM Fuel Cells - H. Wang and J.A. Turner (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
o1005 Molecular Weight Determination of Soluble Conducting Polymers by Vapor Pressure Osmometry - S. Oztemiz, E. Bengu, H.B. Mark, and S.J. Clarson (University of Cincinnati)
o1006 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Performance Using a Segmented Cell - G. Bender and B. Pivovar (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
o1007 Diagnosis of Electrode Flooding in PEM Fuel Cells - T. Nguyen, W. He, and G. Lin (University of Kansas)
o1008 Development of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes Using Pulse Electrodeposition - H. Kim, H. Colon, N. Subramanian, and B. Popov (University of South Carolina)
o1009 Composite Films of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and Metal Oxide or Polyoxometallate Redox Centers for Effective Charge Storage in Redox Capacitors - P.J. Kulesza (University of Warsaw), L. Adamczyk (Czestochowa University of Technology), D. Krawczyk, K. Miecznikowski, and M. Chojak (University of Warsaw)
o1010 Spray-coated Inorganic Oxide Composite Separators for Lithium-ion Batteries - A. Dobley, R. Rodriguez, P. Driscoll, and J. DiCarlo (Yardney Technical Products, Inc./Lithion, Inc.)
o1011 The Characteristics at Composite Membrane of Nafion, PAni for Direct methanol fuel cell - H.S. Kim, W.J. Choi, T.K. Na, D.Y. Kim, J.H. Park, and T.H. Lee (Yonsei University)
o1012 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Performance and Properties of Sulfonated Poly(Ether Sulfone) Copolymers - Y.S. Kim (Los Alamos National Laboratory), M. Sumner, W. Harrison, J. Riffle, J. McGrath (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University), and B. Pivovar (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
o1013 Composite Nanometric Platinum and Platinum-Alloy Supported Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction in PEM Fuel Cells - E. Peled, D. Golodnitsky, T. Ripenbein, N. Rudoy, A. Melman (Tel-Aviv University), Y. Rosenberg, and Y. Lereah (Wolfson Applied Materials Research Center)
o1014 High-Energy-Density, Low-Cost DMFC with an Internal Water-Recycling System - E. Peled, A. Blum, A. Aharon, M. Philosoph, and Y. Lavi (Tel Aviv University)
o1015 Correlation of MEA Structural Changes and Performance During the Life Test of a Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell - J. Xie, D. Wood, and W. Smith (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
o1016 Preparation, Characterization, and Study of Well-defined PtRu Powder Catalysts - C. Bock and B. MacDougall (National Research Council of Canada)
o1017 A Direct Deposition of Pt Catalysts on Nafion Modified with Polypyrrole for PEMFC - D.H. Son, H.K. Lee, J.H. Park, Y.I. Joe, and T.H. Lee (Yonsei University)
o1018 The Mechanism of CO Tolerance on Molybdenum-based Electrocatalysts for PEMFC - E.I. Santiago, M.S. Batista, E.M. Assaf, and E.A. Ticianelli (Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos - USP)
o1019 Platinum-Cobalt Electrocatlysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction in H2/O2 PEM Fuel Cells - J.R.C. Salgado and E.R. Gonzalez (Instituto de Quimica de Sao Carlos-USP)
o1020 Particle Level Modeling of Catalyst Layer for PEM Fuel Cell - Q. Yan, J. Wu, and W. Gao (Mississippi State University)
o1021 A Novel Air Electrode Based on Charcoal-like Materials - T. Ohsaka, L. Mao, K. Arihara, M.S. El-Deab, D. Zhang (Tokyo Institute of Technology), H. Sasaki, N. Suzuki, Y. Morinaga, Y. Yamada, M.-A. Suzuki, and T. Sotomura (Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.)
o1022 Degradation of the Carbon Support in Carbon Supported Electro-catalysts for PEM Fuel Cells - D. Stevens and J. Dahn (Dalhousie University)
o1023 Zeolite-Nafion Composite Membranes as Proton Conducting Materials for High Temperature Direct Methanol Fuel Cells - V. Baglio, A. Di Blasi, A.S. Arico', V. Antonucci (CNR-TAE Institute), P.L. Antonucci (University of Reggio Calabria), F. Nannetti, and V. Tricoli (University of Pisa)
o1024 Sulfonated Poly(Ether Ether Ketone) Based Membranes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Applications - R. Jiang, H.R. Kunz, and J.M. Fenton (University of Connecticut)
o1025 Near Real-Time in situ Species Measurements in a Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell - Q. Dong and M. Mench (Pennsylvania State University)
o1026 Effect of Pt Thin Layer Added on the Surface of the Polymer Electrolyte of a DMFC - N. Nakagawa, Y. Xiu, T. Nakazato, and K. Kobayashi (Gunma University)
o1027 Electro-oxidation Of Ammonia For Fuel Cell Application - F. Vitse, A. Hu, and G. Botte (Ohio University)
o1028 Pt-based Nanostructure Electrodes Prepared by Chemical Synthesis and Thin-film Technology for Methanol Electrooxidation in DMFC - K.-W. Park, J.-H. Choi, and Y.-E. Sung (Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology)

Wednesday, October 15, 2003

Great Hall East, Ground Level


Co-Chairs: T. Zawodzinski and G.M. Ehrlich

10:001029 Electrochemical Modifications of Proton-Conducting Membranes for Fuel Cell Applications - P. Zhang, L. Chen, and W. Risen (Brown University)
10:301030 Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy Studies on Water-saturated Nafion 117 Membranes - Z. Lu, E. Manias, and D. Macdonald (Penn State University)
10:451031 An Investigation on Durability Issues in Alternative PEMs Designed for Elevated Temperature Operation - L. Zhang, V. Srinivasamurthi, and S. Mukerjee (Northeastern University)
11:001032 Molecular Design of Polyimide Polyelectrolytes: Effect of Co-monomers on Water Retention and Conductivity - M. Litt and Y. Zhang (Case Western Reserve University)
11:151033 Poly(ether sulfone) - Proton Conducting Polymers for High Temperature Fuel Cells - H. Cho, Y. Chang, Z. Lu, M. Rackaitis, E. Manias, and D. Macdonald (Pennsylvania State University)
11:301034 Sulfonated Poly(ether ketone ketone) Membranes - R. Weiss, M. Shaw, and Y.S. Chun (University of Connecticut)
11:451035 Sulfonimide-Functionalized Polyphosphazene Blended with PVDF Membranes for PEMFCs - S. Lvov, E. Chalkova, M. Pague, H. Allcock, C. Ambler, A. Maher, and R. Wood (The Pennsylvania State University)

Electrodes and MEAs

Co-Chairs: D. Ofer and P. Arora

2:001036 Direct Numerical Simulation of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes on the Pore Level - G. Wang (Plugpower Inc.) and C.-Y.W. Wang (Pennsylvania State University)
2:151037 Advanced Studies of Reconfigured Anodes for High CO-Tolerance PEM Fuel Cells - P. Adcock, K. Norman, E. Brosha, F. Garzon, and F. Uribe (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
2:301038 Mathematical Investigation of PEFC Layer Properties on Water Management - A.Z. Weber and J. Newman (University of California)
2:451039 Practical Approach to PEFC Modeling - H. Yamada and Y. Morimoto (Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc.)
3:001040 Direct Dimethyl Ether Fuel Cell Experimental Study - S. He, H.M. Chance, C.-Y. Wang, and M.M. Mench (The Pennsylvania State University)
3:151041 Degradation Study of MEA for PEMFC and Improved MEA for Low Humidifying Operation - E. Endoh, S. Terazono, H. Widjaja, and Y. Takimoto (Asahi Glass Co., Ltd.)
3:301042 Catalytic and Electronic Properties of Pt Monolayer Electrocatalysts for H2/CO Oxidation and O2 Reduction - K. Sasaki, Y. Mo, M. Balasubramanian, J. Wang (Brookhaven National Laboratory), F. Uribe (Los Alamos National Laboratory), J. McBreen, and R. Adzic (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
3:451043 Extent of PEM Fuel Cell Cathode Surface Oxidation by Oxygen and Water Measured by Cyclic Voltammetry - C.-H. Paik, T. Jarvi (UTC Fuel Cells), and W. O'Grady (Naval Research Laboratory)
4:001044 Self-hydrating Membrane Electrode Assemblies for Fuel Cells - W. Gellett, D. Dunwoody, and J. Leddy (University of Iowa)
4:151045 Procedures for Evaluation of Durability of Oxygen Electrocatalysts - H. Coln-Mercado, H. Kim, and B. Popov (University of South Carolina)
4:301046 Atomic Structure of Disordered Hydrous RuO2, Pt-Ru, and Pt-FePO4 - W. Dmowski, T. Egami (University of Pennsylvania), K. Swider-Lyons, and D. Rolison (Naval Research Laboratory)
4:451047 An Impact of Cathode Operating Conditions on DMFC Performance - Y. Zhu and P. Zelenay (MST-11)
5:001048 Hydrous Pt-FePOx Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - P. Bouwman (US Naval Academy), W. Dmowski (University of Pennsylvania), and K. Swider-Lyons (Naval Research Laboratory)
5:151049 Pt-alloy/C Catalysts for PEMFC Prepared Using Electroless Deposition - N. Subramanian, H. Colon-Mercado, and B. Popov (University of South Carolina)
5:301050 Study of the Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) at a Pt Micro Band Electrode Interface with Polybenzimidazole(PBI) / Phosphoric Acid electrolyte - Z. Liu, J. Wainright, and R. Savinell (Case Western Reserve University)
5:451051 Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide on the Performance of a PEM Fuel Cell - R. Mohtadi, W.-K. Lee, S. Cowan (University of South Carolina), M. Murthy (W. L. Gore and Associates, Inc.), and J. Van Zee (University of South Carolina)

Thursday, October 16, 2003

Cloister North, Lobby Level

PEM, H2 Separation, MCFC

Co-Chairs: D. Ofer and T. Zawodzinski

8:001052 Development of Dense Cermet Membranes for Hydrogen Separation - S.(S. Wang, T.H. Lee, S.E. Dorris, and U. Balachandran (Argonne National Laboratory)
8:151053 Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation - C. Zuo, T. Lee, S. Dorris, B. Balachandran (Argonne National Laboratory), and M. Liu (Georgia Institute of Technology)
8:301054 Palladium Ceramic Composite Membranes for H2 Separation - F. Roa (Colorado School of Mines)
8:451055 In situ Temperature Distribution Measurement in an Operating Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell - M. Mench (Pennsylvania State University)
9:001056 Evaluation of the Kinetics of Oxygen Reduction Reaction in a Fuel Cell Cathode - C. Karuppaiah and T.A. Zawodzinski Jr. (Case Western Reserve University)
9:151057 Relationship between Atomic Ordering and Electrocatalytic Activity of Pt-Co Alloys in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells - L. Xiong and A. Manthiram (The University of Texas At Austin)
9:301058 RuS2/C as an Anode Catalyst in PEMFC - Y. Verde-Gomez (Instituto Tecnologico de Cancun), H. Zhang (University of Houston), A. Ramirez, R. Chianelli (University of Texas at El Paso), and A. Jacobson (University of Houston)
10:001059 Thermally Grown Cr-Nitrides to Protect PEM Fuel Cell Metallic Bipolar Plates - M. Brady (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), K. Weisbrod (Los Alamos National Laboratory), P. Tortorelli, K. More (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), M. Wilson, F. Garzon (Los Alamos National Laboratory), H. Wang (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), I. Paulauskas, R. Buchanan (University of Tennessee), and L. Walker (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
10:151060 Application of Metal Foam in the Flow-Field Distributor of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Stack - A. Kumar and R. Reddy (The University of Alabama)
10:301061 The Development of Alternative Material Bipolar Plate for PEM Fuel Cells - M.-H. Oh, Y.-S. Yoon, Y.-M. Kim (Korea Automotive Technology lnstitute), and S.-G. Park (Chungbuk National University)
10:451062 Improvement of MCFC Cathode Stability by Addition of Rare earth Oxide to Molten Carbonate - K. Matsuzawa (Yokohama National University)
11:001063 Rate-limiting Processes in Carbonate Fuel Cell Electrodes - A. Hilmi, C. Yuh, and M. Farooque (FuelCell Energy, Inc.)
11:151064 High Power Alkaline Fuel Cell with Intrinsic Energy Storage - C. Wang, J. Appleby, F. Little (Texas A and M University), and D. Cocke (Lamar University)
11:301065 Macroporous Materials Derived from Colloidal Crystal Templates as Electrodes for Lithium-ion Secondary Batteries - A. Esmanski, M. Mamak, V. Kitaev, and G.A. Ozin (University of Toronto)


Co-Chairs: P. Arora and F. D'Souza

2:001066 Multilayered Membranes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells - B. Yang and A. Manthiram (University of Texas at Austin)
2:151067 A New Electrocatalyst for Methanol Oxidation- Pt Coordinated Polyoxometalate - H. Nakajima and I. Honma (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST))
2:301068 Ruthenium Crossover in the Direct Methanol Fuel Cell with a Pt-Ru Black Anode - P. Piela, C. Eickes, and P. Zelenay (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
2:451069 AC Impedance Diagnostics of DMFC Stacks - P. Piela, R. Fields, and P. Zelenay (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
3:001070 Electro-oxidation of Polyhydric Alcohols for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells - K. Matsuoka, Y. Iriyama, T. Abe, M. Matsuoka, and Z. Ogumi (Graduate School of Kyoto University)
3:151071 Fullerene Based Nanostructured Carbon Electrodes for Methanol Oxidation - K. Vinodgopal (Indiana University Northwest), M. Haria, D. Meisel, and P. Kamat (University of Notre Dame)
3:301072 Second-Generation, High-Power, NP-PCM-Based Methanol - Air Fuel Cell - E. Peled, V. Livshits, T. Duvdevani, M. Philosoph (Tel-Aviv University), M. Rakhman, and T. Feiglin (Israel Plastics & Rubber Center (IPRC))
3:451073 The Importance of Interfaces in Direct Methanol Fuel Cells - Y.S. Kim and B. Pivovar (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
4:001074 Surface Modification and Conductivity of Nafion Membrane Containing Water and Alcohols - A.M. Affoune, A. Yamada, and M. Umeda (Nagaoka University of Technology)
4:151075 Cathode Materials for the Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells - X.-D. Zhou and H. Anderson (University of Missouri-Rolla)
4:301076 Co-Fired Cathode Supported Thin Films IT-SOFCs - I. Stefan, K. Yamahara, M. Marrero-Cruz, C. Jacobson, S. Visco, and L. De Jonghe (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
4:451077 H2 Oxidation at Pt and Ni Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells - P. Keech and V. Birss (University of Calgary)
5:001078 Pre-reforming of Propane for Low-Temperature SOFCs - S. Zha, F. Chen, J. Dong, and M. Liu (Georgia Institute of Technology)
5:151079 Development of Novel Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Based on the Ruddlesden-Popper Structure - G. Amow, P.S. Whitfield, I.J. Davidson (National Research Council), C.N. Munnings, and S.J. Skinner (Imperial College London)
5:301080 Mesoporous Titania as a Filler for Composite Membranes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells - C. Trakanprapai, V. Esposito, S. Licoccia, E. Traversa (University of Rome Tor Vergata), V. Baglio, A. Di Blasi, A.S. Arico', V. Antonucci (CNR-TAE Institute), and P.L. Antonucci (University of Reggio Calabria)