Access to clean drinking water is something many take for granted. Crises like that of Flint, MI illuminate the fragility of our water infrastructure and how quickly access can be taken away. Even now, hundreds of millions of people around the world still lack access to adequate water.
But it’s not all negative. In the past 25 years, 2.6 billion people worldwide gained access to clean drinking water. This initiative stemmed from part of the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations in 1990, attempting to cut the number of global citizens without access to clean drinking water in half. While this goal was achieved in 2010, there are still about 663 million without proper water and sanitation.
(MORE: Check out powerful images from the Water Front project.)
So who doesn’t have clean drinking water? Overall, urban areas tend to have greater access due to improved water infrastructure systems set in place. Access in rural areas has improved over the years, but people in these areas are still hit the hardest.
The major divide is most visible when analyzing the numbers by regions. Africa, China, and India are among the hardest hit, making up the majority of the 663 million citizens without access to water.
Answering water issues
How do we begin to solve this problem? Science.
ECS has taken its role in the battle for adequate water sanitation worldwide through a partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in the “Science for Solving Society’s Problems Challenge.” We’ve awarded $360,000 to seven scientists in an effort to create new ways to address world sanitation problems.
“The idea was to inspire researchers to consider the many ways electrochemistry can be applied to solve issues of global significance,” said Brandy Salmon, facilitator for the challenge. “ECS provided a lab for collaboration that generated new ideas and partnerships.”
PS: Want to find out what the winners of the “Science for Solving Society’s Problems Challenge” are up to? Find them at the 229th ECS Meeting!