ECS and Nobel Prize Winners

Papers and presentations connections

Isamu AkasakiIsamu Akasaki

2014 Nobel Prize in Physics

Isamu Akasaki was awarded the 2014 Noble Prize in Physics, along with Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura, for “the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes, which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources.” Akasaki is also known for this work in semiconductor technology and has been awarded the Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology and the IEEE Edison Medal.

ECS Member since 1985 – Awarded Life

Received ECS’s Solid State Science and Technology Award (now, Gordon E. Moore Medal for Outstanding Achievement in Solid State Science and Technology) (1999)

JES 141 (8) 1994 2266-2271
Widegap Column‐ III Nitride Semiconductors for UV/Blue Light Emitting Devices
(Note: both Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano authored this paper)

JES 137 (5) 1990 1639-1641
Growth and Luminescence Properties of Mg‐Doped GaN Prepared by MOVPE
(Note: both Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano authored this paper)

JES 133 (9) 1986 1956-1960
Epitaxial Growth and Properties of AlxGa1 − x N by MOVPE

JES 112 (7) 1965 757-759
Etching Characteristics and Light Figures of the {111} Surfaces of GaAs

(MORE: Read our interview with Akasaki, where he discusses blue LEDs and his life in science.)


Hiroshi AmanoHiroshi Amano

2014 Nobel Prize in Physics

Hiroshi Amano successfully used the difficult-to-handle semiconductor gallium nitride to create efficient blue LEDs, along with Isamu Akasaki and Shuji Nakamura. Amano joined AKasaki’s group in 1982 as an undergraduate student, which inspired his work on growth, characterization, and device applications of group III nitride semiconductors.

JES 141 (8) 1994 2266-2271
Widegap Column‐ III Nitride Semiconductors for UV/Blue Light Emitting Devices
(Note: both Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano authored this paper)

JES 137 (5) 1990 1639-1641
Growth and Luminescence Properties of Mg‐Doped GaN Prepared by MOVPE
(Note: both Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano authored this paper)


Shuji NakamuraShuji Nakamura

2014 Nobel Prize in Physics

Shuji Nakamura is a Japenese-born American electronic engineer and inventor specializing in the field of semiconductor technology. Together with Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano, he received the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics. Nakamura has also worked on green LEDs, and is responsible for creating the white LED and blue laser diodes used in Blu-ray Discs and HD DVDs.

Plenary Lecture – Last Vegas, 2010 (218th meeting)
Current and future Status of Nitride-based Solid State Lighting

ECS Meeting Abstracts 2009 (San Francisco, 215th meeting) E7-885
Piezoelectric Field in Semi-Polar InGaN/GaN Quantum Wells

JES 148 (4) 2001 G185-G189
Effect of Oxygen on Thermocapillary Convection in a Molten Silicon Column under Microgravity

JES 143 (2) 1996 722-725
Asymmetric Distribution of Oxygen Concentration in the Si Melt of a Czochralski System

JES 134 (9) 1987 2320-2323
Low Temperature Silicon Epitaxy Using Si2H6


Jack KilbyJack Kilby

2000 Nobel Prize in Physics

Jack Kilby was an electrical engineer who, along with Robert Noyce, realized the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments in 1958. Through this development, Kilby greatly influenced the shape of modern computing and later went on to develop the technology for pocket calculators. In 2000, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

ISTC 2000 (May 27-30 2001 – Shanghai, China) plenary speaker

Kilby, Jack S. “Origins of the Integrated Circuit,” Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Silicon Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 98-1, (The Electrochemical Society, April 1998) pp. 342-349


William D. PhillipsWilliam D. Phillips

1997 Nobel Prize in Physics

William D. Phillips was awarded the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with Claud Cohen-Tannoudji and Steven Chu, “for the development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.” His technique slows the movement of gaseous atoms in order to better study them. Phillips is an advocate of clean energy research, technology, and demonstration.

Plenary Lecture – Washington, DC, 2001 (199th meeting)
Almost Absolute Zero: the Story of Laser Cooling and Trapping


Richard SmalleyRichard Smalley

1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Richard Smalley, along with Robert Curl and Harold Kroto, won the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for their discovery of fullerenes.” Namely, the team’s development led to the discovery of a new form of carbon, the buckminsterfullerene, also know as the “buckyball.” Starting in the late 1990s, Smalley advocated for the need for cheap, clean energy, which he described as the number one problem facing humanity in the 21st century.

Plenary Lecture – New Orleans, 1993 (184th meeting)

JES 147 (8) 2000 2845-2852
Solid‐State Electrochemistry of the Li Single Wall Carbon Nanotube System


Rudolph A. MarcusRudolph A. Marcus

1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Rudolph A. Marcus won the 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems.” He was notified about the prize while attending the 182nd ECS Meeting in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Marcus’ more recent research focuses on theories of chemical reactions, highlighting the formulation of theories to explain new and sometimes unexpected experimental results.

Past ECS member

Plenary Lecture – Los Angeles, 1996 (189th meeting)

Plenary Lecture – Los Angeles, 1979 (156th meeting)

JES 109 (7) 1962 628-634
“Studies on Alternating Current Electrolysis IV . Mathematical Treatment of Reversible Electron Transfer with Alternating Voltage Control and Distorted Current”


Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn

1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Jean-Marie Lehn, Donald Cram, and Charles Pedersen won the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity.” Lehn was an early innovator in the field of supramolecular chemistry (i.e. the chemistry of host-guest molecular assemblies created by intermolecular interactions.)

Plenary Lecture – Paris, 1997 (192nd meeting)


Gerd BinnigGerd Binnig

1986 Nobel Prize in Physics

Gerd Binnig received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope,” an instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level. The Nobel committee stated that because of this development, “entirely new fields are opening up for the study of the structure of matter.”

Plenary Lecture – Paris, 2003 (203rd meeting)
Nanotechnology: The Path to Handling Complexity?