221st ECS Meeting - Seattle, Washington

May 6 - May 10, 2012



B4 - Ionic and Mixed Conducting Ceramics 8


Monday, May 7, 2012

Room 616, Level 6, Washington State Convention Center

MIECs General

Co-Chairs: Xiao-Dong Zhou and Mogens Mogensen
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
08:30 Introductory Remarks (20 Minutes)
08:50   396   Energy, Environment and IMCC M. Mogensen (Technical University of Denmark)
09:20   397   Defect Chemistry and Transport Properties of BaxSr1-xTi1-yFeyO3-δ Solid Solutions M. Kuhn, J. Kim, S. Bishop, and H. Tuller (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
09:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
10:00   398   (Invited) Calorimetric Studies of the Stability of Perovskites Relevant to Electroceramics A. Navrotsky (University of California, Davis)
10:40   399   Huge Electrical Conductivity Changes in SrTiO3 upon Reduction of the Grain Size to the Nanoscale G. Gregori, P. Lupetin, and J. Maier (Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research)
11:00   400   Effect of Microstructural Evolution on the Electrochemical Properties of High Performance SOFCs A. Sarikaya, V. Petrovsky, and F. Dogan (Missouri University of Science and Technology)
11:20   401   (Invited) Transport Properties of Mixed Ionic Electronic Conductors under Thermodynamically Equilibrated Conditions: Measurements on Porous Bodies A. Virkar (The University of Utah)

MIECs General Continued

Co-Chairs: Alexandra Navrotsky and Tatsuya Kawada
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
14:00   402   (Invited) Electronic and Ionic Transport in Ce0.8PrxTb0.2-xO2-δ and Evaluation of Performance as Oxygen Permeation Membranes C. Chatzichristodoulou and P. V. Hendriksen (Technical University of Denmark)
14:40   403   Defect Structure and Defect-Induced Expansion of MIEC Oxides - Doped Lanthanum Cobaltites A. Zuev, V. V. Sereda, and D. S. Tsvetkov (Ural State University)
15:00 Intermission (20 Minutes)
15:20   404   Investigation of MIEC Materials Using an Amperometric Oxygen Titration Method C. Niedrig, P. Braun, W. Menesklou, S. F. Wagner, and E. Ivers-Tiffée (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
15:40   405   Observation of Segregation of Dopant/Oxide Ion Vacancies at Grain Boundaries using STEM-EELS J. An, A. Koh, Y. Kim, J. Park, H. B. Lee, T. M. Gür, and F. Prinz (Stanford University)


16:00   406   Mixed Conductors for Electrochemical CO2 Separation N. Xu, L. Zhang, X. Li, M. Franks, J. Thomason, and K. Huang (University of South Carolina)
16:20   407   Toluene Oxidation over Size-Controlled Pt Nanoparticles Deposited on Ionically and Non-Ionically Conductive Supports H. A. Dole, R. J. Isaifan (University of Ottawa), L. Lizarraga, P. Vernoux (University Lyon 1), D. Aubert, A. Princivalle (Laboratoire de Synthèse et Fonctionnalisation des Céramiques, CNRS/Saint-Gobain), and E. A. Baranova (University of Ottawa)

Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Room 616, Level 6, Washington State Convention Center

Proton, Li-ion and oxide Conductor Materials and Cells

Co-Chairs: Stu Adler and Tim Armstrong
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
08:00   408   Metal Phosphates as Intermediate Temperature Proton Conducting Electrolytes for Fuel Cells and Electrolysers Y. J. Huang, Q. Li, C. Pan, T. Anfimova, J. Jensen, and N. J. Bjerrum (Technical University of Denmark)
08:20   409   Proton Incorporation in Rare Earth Phosphates H. L. Ray (University of California, Berkeley), M. Shirpour (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), J. Feng, J. Reimer, and L. C. De Jonghe (University of California, Berkeley)
08:40   410   Ab Initio Calculations of the Proton Transfer Mechanism in DyPO4 I. M. Markus, N. Adelstein (University of California Berkeley), M. Asta (University of California, Berkeley), and L. C. DeJonghe (University of California Berkeley)
09:00   411   Thermodynamics of Proton Incorporation of Sr-doped LaPO4 and CePO4 via Hydrolysis of Pyrophosphate Bonds J. Solomon, N. Adelstein (University of California, Berkeley), J. Neaton (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), M. Asta, and L. C. De Jonghe (University of California, Berkeley)
09:20   412   Electron Microscopy Study of Single Crystal BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-x Films Prepared by Chemical Solution Deposition F. Lenrick (Lund University), D. Griesche, J. Kim, T. Schneller (RWTH Aachen University), and L. Wallenberg (Lund University)
09:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
10:00   413   Metallic Nanoparticles and Proton Conductivity: Improving Proton Conductivity of BaCe0.9Y0.1O3-δ and La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O3-δ by Ni-doping M. Caldes, K. V. Kravchyk, M. Benamira, N. Besnard, O. Joubert (IMN-CNRS), O. Bohnke, V. Gunes (LOdF-CNRS), and N. Dupré (IMN-CNRS)
10:20   414   Incorporation of Hydroxyl Ions and Protons in Oxide Ion Vacancies in Nanoscale Yttria Stabilized Zirconia during Atomic Layer Deposition K. Son, M. Bae, K. Bae, J. Ha, and J. Shim (Korea University)
10:40   415   Defect Chemistry and Electrochemical Properties of BaZrO3 Heavily Doped with Fe D. Kim (The Unversity of Tokyo), S. Miyoshi, T. Tsuchiya, and S. Yamaguchi (The University of Tokyo)
11:00   416   Effect of the Microstructure on Ion Conductivity of Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 T. Kim, J. Lee, S. Baek, and Y. Park (Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology)
11:20   417   Synthesis and Electrochemical Characterization of LiNi4(PO4)3 A. Navulla and L. Meda (Xavier University of Louisiana)
11:40   418   Grain Boundary Blocking Effect in YSZ Thin Films M. V. Schlupp, H. Ma, M. Prestat, and L. J. Gauckler (ETH Zürich)

Mechanisms and Kinetics

Co-Chairs: Jürgen Fleig and Xiao-Dong Zhou
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
14:00   419   (Invited) Ion Transfer and Ion Transport in Thin Films Investigated by Complementary Tracer Diffusion and Impedance Spectroscopy J. Fleig (Vienna University of Technology)
14:40   420   Oxygen Incorporation Kinetics of the Potential SOFC Cathode Material (Bi,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3-δ A. Wedig, R. Merkle, J. Maier (Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research), M. E. Lynch, and M. Liu (Georgia Institute of Technology)
15:00   421   Ionic Conducting Ceramics for Soot Oxidation. Mechanistic Study with 18O2 Isotopic Exchange L. Lizarraga, E. Obeid, A. Boréave (University Lyon 1), C. Steil (CNRS), and P. Vernoux (University Lyon 1)
15:20 Intermission (20 Minutes)
15:40   422   Measurement of Diffusion Profile along YSZ-MgO(100) Interface Using Oxygen Isotope and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) K. Bae, K. Son (Korea University), J. Park, F. Prinz (Stanford University), J. Son (Korea Institute of Science and Technology), and J. Shim (Korea University)
16:00   423   Grain and Grain Boundary Conductivity in Nanocrystalline Yttria-Stabilized-Zirconia Thin Films B. Scherrer, J. G. Grolig, M. Prestat, and L. J. Gauckler (ETH Zürich)
16:20   424   Nano-Structuring of SOFC Anodes by Reverse Current Treatment D. Klotz, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)
16:40   425   Electric Field Assisted Annealing of Oxide Heterostructures: An Atomistic Simulations Study S. K. Sankaranarayanan, R. Subbaraman (Argonne National Laboratory), and S. Ramanathan (Harvard University)
17:00   426   (Invited) Methodologies for Characterizing Mixed Conducting Oxides for Oxygen Membrane and SOFC Cathode Application P. V. Hendriksen, M. Søgaard, and P. Plonczak (Technical University of Denmark)

Ballroom 6E, Level 6, Washington State Convention Center

Ionic and Mixed Conductors - Poster Session

TimeProgr#Title and Authors
o   427   Durability Properties of Composite Cathode with SmBa0.5Sr0.5Co2O5+δ for Intermediate Temperature-Operating Solid Oxide Fuel Cell J. Kim (Hanbat National University) and J. T. Irvine (University of St. Andrews)
o   428   Catalytic CO and C2H4 Oxidation over Au Nanoparticles Supported on Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia H. A. Dole, J. Kim (University of Ottawa), L. Lizarraga, P. Vernoux (University Lyon 1), and E. A. Baranova (University of Ottawa)
o   429   Performance-Microstructure Relations in Ni/CGO Infiltrated Nb-doped SrTiO3 SOFC Anodes T. Ramos (Technical University of Denmark), C. Bernuy-Lopez, B. R. Sudireddy, J. J. Bentzen, W. Zhang, P. S. Jørgensen, and L. T. Kuhn (Risø DTU)
o   430   Li-Ion Conductive Phosphate Glass Synthesized by Using Ion Exchange T. Tsujimura, A. Koike, and Y. Kuroki (Asahi Glass Co. Ltd.)
o   431   Proton Conduction in Highly Textured Y:BaZrO3 and Y:BaZrCeO3 Thin Films Fabricated by Pulsed Laser Deposition K. Bae (Korea University), S. Choi, J. Son (Korea Institute of Science and Technology), and J. Shim (Korea University)
o   432   Oxide Ion Conductivity of LaNi0.6Fe0.4O3 M. Nishi, T. Horita, K. Yamaji, H. Yokokawa, T. Shimonosono, H. Kishimoto, M. E. Brito, D. Cho, and F. Wang (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
o   433   Mixed Conductivity in Nanocrystalline Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 Thin Films under Oxidizing Conditions G. Gregori, M. C. Göbel, and J. Maier (Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research)
o   434   Effect of Sintering Aids on the Stress Evolution of Constrained Sintered Gadolinium-Doped Ceria Films Q. Yang and J. D. Nicholas (Michigan State University)
o   435   Parametric Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Analysis on High Pressure In-Plane SOFC S. Lee, T. Ohrn, Z. Liu, Z. Xing, and R. Goettler (Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems)
o   436   Proton Conduction of Divalent Metal Doped DyPO4 N. Zhao (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) and L. C. De Jonghe (University of California, Berkeley)
o   437   In Situ Photoelectron and Soft X-ray Emission Spectroscopy Measurements of LaxSr1-xMnO3 Thin Film Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells M. G. Weir, S. Krause (University of Nevada, Las Vegas), A. Benkert (University of Würzburg, Germany), M. Bär (University of Nevada Las Vegas), M. Blum (University of Nevada, Las Vegas), R. G. Wilks (Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie), W. Yang (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), W. Lee, B. Yildiz (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), L. Yan, P. Salvador (Carnegie Mellon University), L. Weinhardt, and C. Heske (University of Nevada, Las Vegas)
o   438   Fabrication and Operation Characteristics of Segmented-In-Series SOFC Unit Bundle T. Lim, U. Yun, J. Lee, S. Lee, S. Park, R. Song, and D. Shin (Korea Institute of Energy Research)
o   439   Fabrication and Performance of Tubular DCFC Based on the General Anode-Support SOFC T. Lim, M. Jo, J. Lee, S. Lee, S. Park, R. Song, and D. Shin (Korea Institute of Energy Research)
o   440   Electronic Conductivity of Scandia-Stabilized Zirconia Doped with 1 mol% CeO2 T. Shimonosono, H. Kishimoto, K. Yamaji, M. Nishi, M. E. Brito, T. Horita, and H. Yokokawa (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
o   441   Understanding Surface Reactions in SOFC Cathodes Prepared by Infiltration R. Küngas, A. Yu, J. Levine, J. M. Vohs, and R. J. Gorte (University of Pennsylvania)

Wednesday, May 9, 2012

Room 616, Level 6, Washington State Convention Center

Solid Oxide Oxygen Electrodes

Co-Chairs: Harumi Yokokawa and Ellen Ivers-Tiffée
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
08:00   442   (Invited) Chemically Modified La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ Thin-Film Cathodes with High Oxygen Surface-Exchange Properties E. Ivers-Tiffée (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)
08:40   443   Electrochemical Oxygen Reduction on LaNi0.6Fe0.4O3-δ Film Electrode R. A. Budiman, S. Hashimoto, K. Amezawa, and T. Kawada (Tohoku University)
09:00   444   Influence of Gadolinia-doped Ceria Buffer Layer on the Durability of LSCF/CGO/YSZ System for IT-SOFC G. Constantin, C. Rossignol (LEPMI, Grenoble University), P. Briois (LERMPS, UTBM), J. Barnes (CEA Grenoble), and E. Djurado (LEPMI, Grenoble University)
09:20   445   The Improved Electrochemical Performance and Long Term Stability of LSCF IT-SOFC Cathode Y. Yin, Z. Tong, and Z. Ma (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
09:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
10:00   446   (Invited) Compositional and Mechanical Stabilities of a (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3-δ Cathode under SOFC Operation T. Kawada, S. Hashimoto, and K. Amezawa (Tohoku University)
10:40   447   Transient 3D FEM Model for Mixed Conducting Cathodes A. Häffelin, J. Joos (Karlsruher Instiut für Technologie), A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)
11:00   448   Electrochemical Properties of Silver Based Composite Electrodes for SOFC Cathodes and Current Collectors A. Sarikaya, V. Petrovsky, and F. Dogan (Missouri University of Science and Technology)
11:20   449   Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode Enhancement through a Vacuum-Assisted Infiltration Technique G. G. Tao and M. King (Materials and Systems Research Inc.)
11:40   450   La0.6Sr0.4CoO3-δ Thin Films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition as Cathodes for Micro-Solid Oxide Fuel Cells A. Evans, S. Karalić, J. Martynczuk, M. Prestat, R. Tölke, Z. Yáng, and L. J. Gauckler (ETH Zürich)

Solid Oxide Fuel Electrodes

Co-Chairs: Eric D. Wachsman and Peter V. Hendriksen
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
14:00   451   (Invited) Defective Strontium Titanates for Fuel Cell Applications J. T. Irvine (University of St. Andrews)
14:40   452   Nanostructured Oxide-Metal Electrodes for Direct Methane Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Y. Takagi, S. Adam, and S. Ramanathan (Harvard University)
15:00   453   Cr-substituted La0.3Sr0.7FeO3-δ Mixed Conducting Materials as Potential Electrodes for Symmetrical SOFCs M. Chen, S. Paulson, and V. Birss (University of Calgary)
15:20   454   Oxygen Nonstoichiometry and Defect Chemistry of Mixed Conductor La0.9Ca0.1FeO3- δ at Low pO2 T. C. Geary and S. B. Adler (University of Washington)
15:40   455   Sr2Fe1+xMo1-xO6 as Anode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells G. Xiao, Q. Liu, and F. Chen (University of South Carolina)
16:00 Intermission (20 Minutes)
16:20   456   Impact of Reduction Parameters on the Initial Performance and Stability of Ni/(Sc)YSZ Cermet Anodes S. L. Ebbehøj, T. Ramos, and M. Mogensen (Technical University of Denmark)
16:40   457   Development of a GDC Surface Chemistry Model for Fuel-Side Electrodes of Solid-Oxide Electrochemical Cells L. Wang (University of Maryland), S. C. DeCaluwe (National Institute of Standards and Technology), and G. S. Jackson (University of Maryland)
17:00   458   (Invited) Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Defects in High Performance SOFC Electrodes X. Zhou (University of South Carolina)

Thursday, May 10, 2012

Room 616, Level 6, Washington State Convention Center

Characterization and Methods

Co-Chairs: Anil Virkar and Turgut Gür
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
08:00   459   (Invited) The Role of Chemical Heterogeneities on Oxygen Reduction Kinetics on the Surface of Thin Film Cathodes W. Lee, Z. Cai, and B. Yildiz (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
08:40   460   Optical In Situ Spectroscopy of Oxides J. Shi and K. Becker (Technische Universität Braunschweig)
09:00   461   Electrical Properties of Electrosprayed YSZ Thin Films for Intermediate Temperature - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (IT-SOFC) N. Bailly, S. Georges, and E. Djurado (LEPMI, Grenoble University)
09:20   462   Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of Transition Metal-doped (Mn,Co)3O4 Spinels Y. Liu, D. Kumar C.J., and J. W. Fergus (Auburn University)
09:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
10:00   463   (Invited) Expansion of the Non Linear Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Technique, to Gain Further Insight into Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode Behavior T. J. McDonald and S. Adler (University of Washington)
10:40   464   Evaluation of the Structure and Electrical Transport Properties of Rare Earth + Mn or Mo - Codoped Ceria H. Handal, K. Singh (University of Calgary), Q. Li (Harbin University of Science and Technology), and V. Thangadurai (University of Calgary)
11:00   465   Electrical Properties of ZnO/YSZ Composites Comparison with Al2O3/YSZ R. F. Marcomini, D. Pinatti Ferreira de Sousa (Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais), M. Steil, M. Kleitz, and L. Dessemond (Université Joseph Fourier)
11:20   466   Residual Stress and Buckling Patterns of Yttria-Stabilised-Zirconia Thin Films for Micro-Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Membranes A. Evans, M. Prestat, R. Tölke, L. J. Gauckler (ETH Zürich), T. Hocker, Y. Safa (Zurich University of Applied Sciences), D. Briand, J. Courbat, and N. De Rooij (EPF Lausanne)
11:40   467   Probing Oxide Stoichiometry and Redox Kinetics in Pr Doped Ceria MIEC Thin Films Using In Situ Optical Absorption S. R. Bishop (Kyushu University), J. Kim, N. Thompson, and H. Tuller (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Solid Oxide Cells, Stacks and Systems

Co-Chairs: Fanglin Chen and Mogens Mogensen
TimeProgr#Title and Authors
14:00   468   (Invited) High-Performance Direct Ethanol Solid Oxide Fuel Cells E. N. Armstrong, J. Park, and N. Q. Minh (University of California, San Diego)
14:40   469   Redox Stability of Ni-YSZ Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Prepared by Polymeric Precursor Infiltration A. Buyukaksoy, V. Petrovksy, and F. Dogan (Missouri University of Science and Technology)
15:00   470   Deposition and Characterizations of Pt/YSZ Nanocomposite Thin Films for Micro-SOFCs H. Huang (Wright State University), M. Rottmayer, T. Reitz (Air Force Research Laboratory), and R. Singh (University of Cincinnati)
15:20   471   Current-Voltage and Temperature Characteristics of Anode Supported Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Cells (SOEC) J. Njodzefon, D. Klotz, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)
15:40 Intermission (20 Minutes)
16:00   472   Electrospun Nanofiber Cathode for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell M. Zhi and N. Wu (West Virginia University)
16:20   473   Fuel Cell and Electrolysis Mode Results for BCY SOFC Compared with Model Predictions V. Schmidt (Montana State University) and C. Tsai (CIC Energigune)
16:40   474   Demonstration of a Highly Efficient SOFC Power System Using Adiabatic Steam Reforming and Anode Gas Recirculation M. Powell, K. Meinhardt, V. L. Sprenkle, and L. Chick (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)
17:00   475   Fabrication and Evaluation of Micro-Tubular SOFC Stack T. Yamaguchi, H. Sumi, K. Hamamoto, T. Suzuki, and Y. Fujishiro (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
17:20   476   Electrochemical Promotion of Propane Combustion on Dispersed Pt Nanoparticles A. Kambolis, L. Lizarraga, M. N. Tsampas (University Lyon 1), M. Rieu, J. Viricelle (Ecole des Mines de Saint Etienne), and P. Vernoux (University Lyon 1)